EFCT: Environmental Footprint Comparison Tool.  A tool for understanding environmental decisions related to the forest products industry.  Energy. headerlink
Effects of decreased energy consumption on water use

There are many ways to reduce energy consumption in forest products manufacturing facilities. Many of them have no effect on water use.

In some cases, a pulp and paper mill may save energy by replacing cool freshwater with recycled hot water to capture the heat energy. This will reduce water use and effluent flows. There are other energy conservation measures that tend to reduce water use, but the reductions accomplished are relatively small in most cases.

Water use at wood products facilities is substantially smaller than at pulp and paper facilities.

Few energy saving measures cause water use to increase.